Adolf Loos was one of the greatest pioneers of his time. Unimpressed by the concepts and ideas of architecture and design that were predominant in the early twentieth century, he decided to tread an uncompromising path to arrive at a functional form of architecture and design.
He did not believe in ornamentation or design and architecture governed by artistic parameters, which was also very evident in his work – not only as an architect and a designer but also as an author. After returning to Vienna, following a three-year stay in America, he went on to become one of the most radical supporters of a new school of thought that completely rejected all ornamental and non-functional elements. He was extremely meticulous in his selection of materials and designs for the interior as well as the exterior. However, clarity in architecture and design by no means implied that he gave short shrift to the creation of a pleasant atmosphere in the rooms he designed. In fact, he gave equal importance to modernity and comfort.
Later, Loos went on to create several masterpieces in Bohemia which fully displayed his reduction and abstraction of the exterior and the interior. In 1907, he designed the home of the entrepreneurial couple Martha and Wilhelm Hirsch. It was only in the 1980s that it was discovered this wasn’t the only design Loos realised for the Hirsch family. During the 1920s, almost at the same time as he was working on the Villa Müller in Prague, Loos also designed a bachelor’s apartment for Martha and Willy’s son Richard. This apartment was located in the same building as the better known Hirsch apartment, only on a different floor.
Recently, the surviving interior of Richard Hirsch’s apartment has been moved to another apartment of approximately the same size in Prague, close to and overlooking the Jewish cemetery. All parts of the interior were carefully examined and restored before they were put in place. Authentic techniques and the use of original materials were respected whenever replacements proved to be indispensable. Today, the Pilsner interior created for Richard Hirsch serves as an art gallery and an auction house, Adolf Loos Apartment and Gallery, in Prague. In 2014 the apartment joined the prestigeous international network of architectural designs Iconic Houses.
Solitaire furniture, which is part of Richard Hirsche's apartment, has been very successful several times at prestigious exhibitions in the Czech Republic and abroad, such as The Adolf Loos Exhibition at the Royal Institute of British Architects in London, at The Au Temps de Klimt, la Sécession Vienna in the Pinacotheque de Paris and others.
Professor Burkhardt Rukschcio, the most important expert on Adolf Loos and the author of the list of his works, provided an expert supervision over the restoration and the installation of the apartment.
The city of Pilsen reconstructed the bedroom in the Richard Hirsch's apartment designed by Adolf Loos, located in the Plachého street in Pilsen. Another part of this original apartment has been reconstructed by Adolf Loos Apartment and Gallery and is now located in Prague. More information about the pilsner reconstruction here.
Richard Hirsch’s Apartment is available for private viewings. For further information and bookings please contact firstname.lastname@example.org .
Installation of a model of the original furnishing of the apartment in Pilsen
In 2015 there was a short-term installation of a cardboard model of the original furnishings in Richard Hirsch’s apartment in Plachého street in Pilsen, created by professor Wolfgang Grillitsch's students of Internationalen Masters für Interieur Architecture Design (IMIAD) at Hochschule für Technik Stuttgart. Part of the original furnishings has been renovated and installed in Prague, in Adolf Loos Apartment and Gallery’s spaces. Learn more about the model in Pilsen HERE.